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喀什大学外国语学院硕士研究生论文格式 (专业型硕士)
2020-05-11 20:16  

综合性的语篇连贯模式建构

连贯是语篇分析中最复杂、最重要的内容之一,它已成为近二十年来语篇分析中的焦点问题之一,近年来人们对它的研究方兴未艾

英国著名语言学家韩礼德的衔接理论包括词汇衔接和结构衔接两部分。目前对于连贯的研究主要还是靠语篇外在的衔接手段,这种分析方法是在把语言看成语言产品或静态成品的基础上进行的显性的分析。语篇是在语言的运用过程中产生的,它脱离不了语言运用的实际过程中交际双方的互动。也就是说,语篇还是一个动态的过程。Langacker的语篇分析观的以下两点:篇章语言单位的连续性,动态分析和篇章期待。认知语法对于语篇连贯具有向导型,但是认知理论太抽象不具有操作性,因此,本文作者提出综合的语篇连贯分析框架:衔接理论和认知结合起来分析语篇连贯。为了验证理论的可行性,作者选取20篇作文进行分析。

作者以太原理工大学英语专业本科三年级随机抽取的47名学生为对象,要求他们以“Power, wealth, beauty, truth and wisdom are the five choices among which I must choose two”为题写一篇作文。针对其中的20篇作文,笔…

最后,本文希望该研究中的发现能够对英语教学起到积极的作用。

关键词:语篇连贯衔接认知语法

1.<![endif]>摘要及关键词

摘要正文:宋体,小四号;行首缩进2字符,段前0行,段后0行。行距20。字间距标准。下同)

摘要放在目录之前,字数在1000-2000字左右,须具有独立性和完整性,它包含全文的主要信息,是论文的压缩体。应扼要说明本论文的研究目的、思路、方法、意义,全文的总观点、论点与要点,本论文的创造性成果及新见解。语言力求简练、准确。摘要完毕后,另起一行,注明本文的关键词(3--5个)。关键词之间用分号隔开。论文摘要及关键词要有中英文对照。 中、英文摘要的上方为论文中英文题目。英文摘要要另起一页,内容应与中文摘要对应(含关键词)。

关键词(宋体,小四号,加粗):***************(宋体,小四号

AN INTEGRATIVE MODEL OF

DISCOURSE COHERENCE

ABSTRACT

Coherence is one of the most important and complex topics in discourse analysis.It hasbecome one of the main problems in discourse analysis in the recent two decades.Theresearch on it is in the ascendant now.

In this study,47 English majors in Taiyuan University of Technology were asked to write a300-to-450-words composition on the topic of“Power,wealth,beauty,truth and wisdom arethe five choices among which I must choose two”in the first senior year.Finally,20 essayswere analyzed.In this paper,I focus on two ways of accessing of text coherence:explicitcohesion and cognitive coherence.

The results show that a good essay should be the one containing abundantcohesivedevices which were used accurately.

The author points out that in order to promise the coherence in a text,theparticipants ofthe whole text must have the consciousness of dynamic analysis during understanding the text.

The coherence is based on continuum in the language units of the whole text,the samesalience in the text,in this situation,the participants of the text mutual understand well ofcognition.The author of the present study hopes that this integrative model will play apositive part on the language teaching.

KEY WORDS:discourse; coherence;cohesion;cognitive grammar

2.<![endif]>目录

目录分级(即子目录)不宜过粗或过细,一般为二至三级。目录不宜过长,一般不超过两页。编排目录页时,须用Word所提供的目录编辑工具进行操作。

目录sample如下

CONTENTS

摘要....................................................................................................i

ABSTRACT......................................................................................ii

Chapter One: Introduction..............................................................1

1.1 Necessity of the Research..............................................................................1

1.2 Purpose of the Thesis.....................................................................................1

1.3 Methodology..................................................................................................2

1.4 An Overview of the Thesis...........................................................................3

Chapter Two: a Survey of Coherence.............................................5

2.1 Various Theories of Coherence......................................................................5

2.1.1 Studies of Coherence Abroad................................................................5

2.1.2 Studies of Coherence in China.............................................................8

2.2 Problems in Existing Theories.....................................................................10

2.3 Definitions of Coherence..............................................................................11

2.3.1 Opinions of Present Researches on text coherence.......................... ..11

2.3.2 Weaknesses of Present Researches on Text Coherence.................. ...13

2.3.3 Author's Definition of Text Coherence........................................... ...13

Chapter Three: Theoretical Foundation..................................... 15

3.1 Introduction..................................................................................................15

3.2 General Introduction of Cognitive Grammar...............................................15

3.3 Coherence within the Framework of Cognitive Grammar...........................16

3.3.1 Continuum of Lexicon and Grammar in a Text.................................16

3.3.2 Dynamic Analysis and Discourse Expectations............................. ....17

Chapter Four: Research and Methodology..................................21

4.1 Pilot Study....................................................................................................21

4.2 Research Questions......................................................................................21

4.3 Hypothesis....................................................................................................21

4.4Research Design in Brief..............................................................................21

4.4.1 Subjects......................................................................................... .....22

4.4.2 Control Variables in the Research.................................................. ... 22

Chapter Five Results and Discussion...........................................25

5.1 Results of the Assessment of the Sampled Compositions..........................25

5.2 Qualitative Analysis of the Data.................................................................25

5.2.1 Linguistic Unit and Coherence..................................................... ....25

5.2.2 Discourse Expectation and Coherence.......................................... ...35

5.3 Summary.....................................................................................................44

Chapter Six Conclusion.................................................................45

6.1 Findings......................................................................................................45

6.2 Limitations..................................................................................................45

6.3 Suggestions for Further Study.....................................................................45

REFERENCES...............................................................................47

APPENDIX......................................................................................49

TABLES......................................................................................49

PUBLISHED PAPERS...................................................................67

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS...........................................................65

3.<![endif]>正文要求

1)<![endif]>行文要规范,文中引用必须与参考文献保持一致。

2)<![endif]>段首缩进 4个英文字母段与段之间不空行。

3)<![endif]>正文中的一级标题采用三号字,二级标题采用小三号字,三级标题采用四号字,四级标题采用小四号字,标题一律用粗体。

4)<![endif]>除以上说明的分级标题外,正文中的行文采用小四号字(行文当中出现的中文,采用五号字),1.5倍行距。但引用的段落采用五号字,且必须左右各缩进 10 个英文字母,单倍行距

5)<![endif]>在行文论述中,引用的文字如果不是英语,须先用英语表达(即译成英语),后以括号引出原文并标明出处(可用缩略形式标明出处,但其全称须在references中列出),例如:…“The faithfulness in translation should include expressiveness and elegance. To be expressive helps to be faithful, but to be elegant does not mean decorating expressiveness. Faithfulness is to render a piece of work in the way that the author intended it till the original style is staged.”(译事之信,当包达、雅;达正以尽信, 而雅非为饰达。依意旨以传,而能如风格以出,斯之谓信。)[钱钟书,1986:1101] 6)在行文论述中,间接转述他人观点,亦须在夹注中标明出处,并将资料全称列入References

6)<![endif]>页边距为world默认状态下,上下边距是2.54厘米,左右边距是3.18厘米

7)<![endif]>全文英文均采用Times New Roman”体,中文均采用宋体。全文设为1.5倍行距(引文设为单倍行距)

8)<![endif]>目录中的标题以及正文中的标题首字母都是大写。

REFERENCES

[1]Beaugrande, R. Introduction to Text Linguistics [M]. London&New York: Longman, 1981:11-12.

[2] Brown, G.&Yule G. Discourse Analysis [M]. Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press, 2000:13-16.

[3] Carroll,D.W. Psychology of Language [M]. Monterey, Calif: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company,1986:29-40.

[4]Allport, G. W. The Nature Of Prejudice[J]. The Journal of Negro History, 1954, 6(3).

[20] 程晓堂,论语篇连贯,载《语言学---中国与世界同步》[M]. 北京:外语教学与研究出版社,2003267-282.

[21] 李志雪,从语用和图式角度来看语篇的连贯[J]. 解放军外国语学院学报,1999(5): 23-27.

4.<![endif]>参考文献

1.参考文献中每条项目应齐全。文献中的作者不超过三位时全部列出;超过三位时一般只列前三位,后面加“等”字或“etc.”;作者姓名之间用逗号分开;中外人名一律采用姓在前,名在后的著录法。

2.参考文献的序号左顶格,并用数字加方括号表示,如[1],[2],…,以与正文中的指示序号格式一致。每一参考文献条目的最后均以“.”结束。各类参考文献条目的编排格式及示例如下:

a.连续出版物:[序号] 主要责任者.文献题名[J].刊名,出版年份,卷号(期号):起止页码. 例如: [1]  袁庆龙,候文义.Ni-P合金镀层组织形貌及显微硬度研究[J].太原理工大学学报,200132(1)51-53.

b专著:[序号] 主要责任者.文献题名[M].出版地:出版者,出版年:起止页码.例如:[3]  刘国钧,王连成.图书馆史研究[M].北京:高等教育出版社,197915-1831

c.论文集:[序号] 主要责任者.文献题名[]∥主编.论文集名.出版地:出版者,出版年:起止页码.例如:[6]孙品一.高校学报编辑工作现代化特征[C].中国高等学校自然科学学报研究会.科技编辑学论文集(2).北京:北京师范大学出版社,199810-22

d学位论文;[序号] 主要责任.文献题名[D].保存地:保存单位,年份.如:[7]张和生.地质力学系统理论[D.太原:太原理工大学,1998

e报告:[序号]  主要责任.文献题名[R].报告地:报告会主办单位,年份.  例如:[9]冯西桥.核反应堆压力容器的LBB分析[R].北京:清华大学核能技术设计研究院,1997

f.专利文献:[序号]专利所有者.专利题名[P].专利国别:专利号,发布日期.例如:[11]姜锡洲.一种温热外敷药制备方案[P].中国专利:8810560781983-08-12

g.国际、国家标准:[序号]标准代号,标准名称[S].出版地:出版者,出版年.例如:[]  GB/T 161591996,汉语拼音正词法基本规则[S].北京:中国标准出版社,1996

h报纸文章:[序号]  主要责任者.文献题名[N].报纸名,出版日期(版次).例如:[13] 谢希德.创造学习的思路[].人民日报,1998-12-25(10)

i. 电子文献: [序号]  主要责任者.电子文献题名[文献类型/载体类型].电子文献的出版或可获得地址,发表或更新的期/引用日期(任选).例如:[21]  王明亮.中国学术期刊标准化数据库系统工程的[EB/OL].

5.<![endif]>附录格式

附录部分是对正文主体必要的补充项目,但不是论文的必备部分。下列内容可以作为附录:

1)正文内过于冗长的公式推导或其他无法写入正文但有必要列出的内容。

2)方便他人阅读所需的辅助性数学工具、数据、图表或表格。  

3)论文使用的主要符号的意义和单位编写等。

APPENDIX

Sample 1

Power,wealth,beauty,truth and wisdom are the five choices among which I must choose two.If I can really choose,Iwould be greedy enough to choose all of them.But,since there are only two choices,I’d like to eliminate one by one untiltwo of them are left.(后略)

9.<![endif]>攻读学位期间已发表的学术论文

按学术论文发表的时间顺序,列齐本人在攻读学位期间发表或已录用的学术论文清单(发表刊物名称、卷册号、页码、年月及论文署名)。

PUBLISHED PAPERS

[1] ***,框架和当前语篇空间理论阐释语篇连贯的初探,《山西煤炭管理干部学院学报》,2009276-77.

致谢格式

对给予各类资助、指导和协助完成研究工作以及提供各种对论文工作有利条件的单位及个人表示感谢。致谢应实事求是,切忌浮夸与庸俗之词。

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Upon the completion of this thesis, I shall express my sincere appreciation to many people who helped me in my thesis writing, as well as my three-year postgraduate study.

First, I owe my deepest gratitude to my supervisor, Professor ***

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